Dog Breeds


Characteristics of Africanis

Country of originSouth Africa
The sizemedium, large
Growth50–60 cm
Weight25–45 kg
Age14–16 years old
FCI breed groupNot recognized
Africanis Characteristics

Brief information

  • Semi-wild native dogs;
  • Possibly the world’s first domesticated dog;
  • Rare breed.


Africanis appeared on the territory of modern Egypt 7 thousand years ago. Together with the caravans of nomads and merchants, they gradually spread throughout the continent. About two thousand years ago, these animals reached their modern habitat – southern Africa.

Today, the selection of dogs, like hundreds of years ago, is carried out under minimal human control. South Africa has special programs to protect these animals and preserve their populations in their natural habitats.

Strictly speaking, the Africanis is not a breed, but a breed group. Its representatives do not have common external features and can look very different from each other. For example, dogs that live in the desert are small and drier, while animals from mountainous areas are larger and have long, thick hair. In total, four such varieties of dogs are officially registered.

Despite the semi-wild lifestyle, the love for man unites all Africanis. They are very smart and resourceful. In addition, these are strong and physically strong dogs, with no identified genetic abnormalities. The secret of their health is in natural selection. The breed has developed haphazardly for a long time, and its only breeder was nature and the harsh conditions of survival.


Africanis subtly feels his master and is incredibly devoted to him. This is especially evident during training. Training Africanis is not difficult, but care and patience are required. The dog reacts only to positive reinforcement, and more often even just to affection. You can’t raise your voice at her, scold and scold only as a last resort. These are sensitive and vulnerable pets.

Africanis treats children with respect, provided that the child does not offend the dog. Much in their relationship depends on the upbringing of both.

Like many native dogs, the Africanis easily gets along with relatives. The main thing is that the neighbor is non-confrontational and does not show aggression.

Africanis Care

Grooming for this breed largely depends on the dog’s coat type. In general, the owner does not require any special procedures. Pets with thick long hair should be brushed more often than their relatives with short hair.

In addition to combing, it is also necessary to examine and clean the pet’s eyes and ears , his teeth . Oral hygiene is not only about timely brushing your teeth, but also about giving your pet hard chewy treats . They gently clean the teeth from plaque.

Conditions of detention

Africanis, accustomed to freedom, feels more comfortable in a private house outside the city. However, a dog can get along in a city apartment, as long as there is a loving owner nearby, who should provide the pet with enough walks and entertainment. Agility and other sports can be practiced with representatives of the breed.

Africanis – Video

Africanis - Top 10 Facts

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