Characteristics of Phalene
|Country of origin
|no more than 28 cm
|Mini – 1.5–2.5 kg;
Standard – 2.5–5 kg.
|12-14 years old
|FCI breed group
|Decorative and companion dogs
Phalene is French for “moth”. A decorative lap dog of rare beauty, with long hair and hanging winged ears, can be seen in old paintings by court painters. Noble Europeans kept such pets more than eight centuries ago. And the first written mention of the “royal dogs” dates back to the XI century. According to one version, their ancestors were tibetan spaniels, on the other – Belgian epanyol-neny. As a result of crossing Phalenes with pygmy Spitz, dogs with erect ears were bred, and they were named papillons – “butterflies” (fr).
During revolutions and the collapse of monarchies, this breed was practically exterminated. She survived thanks to emigrants, and already in the New World she gained popularity again. In 1990 the breed was recognized IFF.
Light small dog of rectangular format, with long ears and a sharp muzzle. The back is straight, the head is round, the ears are set low. Color – spots of any color on a white background. The symmetrical coloring of the head and ears is appreciated. The coat is long, wavy, without undercoat, there is a mane on the chest, panties on the back, and a fan up to 15 cm long on the tail.
The paws are quite long, with hair between the toes.
Lively, energetic, cheerful dog. Lover of yapping and playing. An excellent companion, quickly learns to mirror the habits of the owner and fit into his lifestyle. Despite the seeming fragility, it is hardy enough, it will be happy to accompany the owner on long walks. The compact size allows you to take the Phalene with you on vacation or travel – these dogs sometimes have a hard time parting with their loved ones. They get along well with other pets and children.
Phalenas are bold to the point of recklessness, and the owner needs to be careful and not let his pet off the leash where large dogs walk. The kid can get involved in a quarrel, the outcome of which, for obvious reasons, will not be in his favor.
Gorgeous coat requires care. She needs comb daily – however, due to the miniature size of the pet, the procedure does not take more than a few minutes. Particular attention should be paid to the areas behind the ears, on the abdomen and on the armpits – there can tangles bathe the phalaena follows as needed, using a special shampoo, as well as a balm that facilitates combing.
claws need trim on your own or in a veterinary clinic, also from time to time it is necessary to cut off excess hair between the fingers. And don’t forget to check auricles: due to the abundance of wool, discharge and dirt can accumulate there, in which case the ears are wiped with a special lotion.
Conditions of detention
In an apartment, in a house – in a word, next to a person. For walks in damp, rainy weather, it is good to have rain overalls to keep dirt off the fur. In the cold season, walks will have to be shortened, and it is advisable to take the pet out in warm overalls. Phalenes are also well trained to go to the toilet in the tray.
They love to play, and care must be taken that the animal has balls, rubber squeakers, and other dog joys. During feeding, you can stab the ears on the back of the head with an ordinary plastic “crab” so that they do not get dirty.
There are kennels in Russia, and just lovers of the breed, so you can always find a puppy. Kids from super parents cost from 1000 to 1300$, a puppy is simpler, not for exhibitions and breeding, can be found for 300-400$.