Dog Breeds


Characteristics of Hokkaido

Country of originJapan
The sizeAverage
Growth46-56 cm
Weight20–30 kg
Age11–13 years old
FCI breed groupspitz and breeds of primitive type
Hokkaido Characteristics

Brief information

  • Ideal for city life;
  • Playful, energetic and loyal to children;
  • Another name for the breed is Ainu or Seta.


Hokkaido is an ancient breed of dog native to Japan. It has been leading its history since the 12th century. Its progenitors are dogs that moved with people from the island of Honshu to the island of Hokkaido at the dawn of the development of trade relations.

By the way, like most other Japanese dogs, the breed owes its name to its small homeland. In 1937, the animals were recognized as a natural monument, and at the same time the breed received the official name – “Hokkaidu”. Before that, it was called Ainu-ken, which literally means “dog of the Ainu people” – the indigenous people of Hokkaido. Since ancient times, people have used these animals as guards and hunters.

Today, hokkaido are ready to serve man with pride. They are smart, self-reliant and independent. A dog of this breed will become not only a wonderful companion for the family, but also an excellent helper in everyday life (in particular, in protecting the house). Hokkaido are loyal to their owner and do not trust strangers too much. When an intruder appears, Hokkaido react immediately, but for no apparent reason they will never attack first. They have a fairly calm temperament.


Despite the innate intelligence, Hokkaido needs education . It is believed that these dogs can have unexpected outbursts of anger, and it is necessary to eradicate them from childhood. Hokkaido cannot boast of lightness of temper, these pets have a complex character. Therefore, it is better to work with them together with a zoopsychologist or a cynologist .

Hokkaido easily find a common language with other animals, although they are prone to dominance in relationships. However, sometimes cats and small rodents can still be perceived by them as an object of hunting.

Ainu children are warmly and respectfully treated, but you should not leave a dog alone with a small child, especially if the pet is prone to aggression.

Interestingly, the Ainu is a very rare breed and is practically never found outside of Japan. Animals recognized as the property of the country are not so easy to take out of its borders.

Hokkaido Care

Hokkaido has a thick, wiry coat that needs to be brushed once or twice a week. Bathe animals infrequently, as needed.

Particular attention should be paid to the cleanliness of the pet’s oral cavity . Puppies need to be taught hygiene from an early age.

Conditions of detention

Hokkaido are freedom-loving dogs. A representative of this breed will be an excellent watchman in a private house outside the city: thick wool allows you to spend a long time outside even in winter. In this case, the dog should not be on a leash or permanently live in a closed enclosure.

In the conditions of a city apartment, hokkaido must be provided with personal space. The pet needs active walks lasting more than two hours.

Hokkaido – Video

Hokkaido Dog Breed - TOP 10 Interesting Facts

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