भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?
सरीसृप

भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?

भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?

The soil for a land tortoise in a terrarium is the most important attribute responsible for hygiene, psychological comfort and health of the reptile. Consider the existing fillers and figure out which one is better.

Functions and features of the soil

In the wild, turtles dig in the ground to create shelter from frost or the scorching sun. Active limb work maintains muscle tone and prevents deformities. Soil is also needed for the proper development of the shell. Without proper load, the carapace is covered with tuberosities.

A good filler for a terrarium should be:

  • not dusty;
  • शोषक;
  • non-toxic;
  • dense and heavy;
  • digestible (digestible).

Excipients के प्रकार

The variety of fillers offered makes it difficult for inexperienced owners to make the right choice, so we will consider the advantages and disadvantages of possible soil options.

काई

Suitable for reptiles: tropical and other species living in humid environments.

पेशेवरों:

  • provides a humid microclimate;
  • सौंदर्यशास्त्र;
  • digestible;
  • allows you to burrow;
  • absorbs and retains liquid;
  • does not leave dirt;
  • जीवाणुरोधी।

विपक्ष:

  • not suitable for grinding claws;
  • dusty and loses aesthetics when dried.

अनुशंसित उपयोग:

  • choose sphagnum or Icelandic moss;
  • avoid dry moss intended for indoor plants;
  • moisten the moss to create the desired microflora.

रेत

भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?

Suitable for reptiles: desert.

लाभ:

  • सस्तापन;
  • वहनीयता;
  • allows you to burrow;
  • absorbs and retains liquid.

नुकसान:

  • dusty;
  • not digested;
  • does not keep the shape of the hole and heat;
  • provokes the appearance of bacteria in the presence of feces.

उपयोग युक्ति:

  • sand for turtles should be well polished and sifted;
  • do not use building sand;
  • protect the feeding area from sand;
  • choose quartz sand that has gone through additional processing;
  • be sure to spray the sand to avoid dryness.

भूमि

भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?

Suitable for reptiles: tropical, steppe.

पेशेवरों:

  • allows you to burrow;
  • maintains the shape of the burrow;
  • absorbs and retains liquid.

विपक्ष:

  • land from the forest is dangerous for insects living in it, and flower land may contain pesticides;
  • causes eye irritation;
  • soils the turtle and the walls of the terrarium;
  • not suitable for grinding claws;
  • does not give off heat.

विशेषताएं:

  • for the Central Asian tortoise, earth mixed with sand is suitable;
  • in the absence of other types of fillers, fill the bottom with expanded clay;
  • avoid ready mixes containing peat or harmful pesticides;
  • be sure to sort out the land taken from the forest and ignite it for half an hour.

शैल रॉक

भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?

Suitable for reptiles: desert, steppe.

लाभ:

  • additional source of calcium;
  • allows you to burrow;
  • retains body moisture;
  • पुन: उपयोग किया जा सकता है;
  • सौंदर्यशास्त्र;
  • gives off heat;
  • lack of dust and dirt.

नुकसान:

  • does not keep the shape of a hole;
  • not digested;
  • does not absorb liquids.

पर ध्यान दें:

  • choose rounded shell rock that is safe to swallow;
  • place the filler separately from the feeding area;
  • rinse and dry for reuse.

छाल

Suitable for reptiles: tropical.

पेशेवरों:

  • absorbs and retains liquid;
  • provides a humid microclimate;
  • जीवाणुरोधी;
  • allows you to burrow;
  • सौंदर्यशास्त्र।

विपक्ष:

  • not digested;
  • cannot be reused;
  • not suitable for grinding claws;
  • does not absorb well and becomes moldy with excess moisture.

अनुशंसित उपयोग:

  • choose a large size that protects against swallowing;
  • use the bark of larch, the family of aspen, cork and citrus trees;
  • clean the bark from chips and soak in boiling water for a couple of hours to destroy forest pests.

लकड़ी के टुकड़े

भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?

Suitable for reptiles: steppe.

लाभ:

  • allows you to burrow;
  • सौंदर्यशास्त्र;
  • lack of dust;
  • cheapness.

नुकसान:

  • inferior to the bark due to its smaller size, therefore it often causes blockage of the intestines;
  • not suitable for grinding claws;
  • does not absorb well.

महत्वपूर्ण विशेषताएं:

  • use only for temporary containment;
  • choose alder, beech or pear.

corn soil

भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?

Suitable for reptiles: steppe.

पेशेवरों:

  • absorbs and retains liquid;
  • lack of dust;
  • अच्छी सुगंध;
  • सौंदर्यशास्त्र।

विपक्ष:

  • not suitable for grinding claws;
  • may cause eye irritation.

IMPORTANT: Turtle corn litter is only suitable for temporary housing.

कंकड़

भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?

Suitable for reptiles: steppe, mountain.

लाभ:

  • helps to grind claws;
  • gives off heat;
  • सौंदर्यशास्त्र;
  • पुन: उपयोग किया जा सकता है;
  • leaves no dust.

नुकसान:

  • hard to care for;
  • makes noise when digging;
  • not suitable for burying;
  • does not absorb liquids;
  • quickly soiled with feces.

उपयोग युक्ति:

  • avoid sharp edges or stones that are too small;
  • rinse thoroughly and bake in the oven before use;
  • place in the feeding area.

बुरादा

भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?

Suitable for reptiles: desert, steppe, tropical.

पेशेवरों:

  • digestible;
  • allows you to burrow;
  • absorbs and retains liquid.

विपक्ष:

  • dusty;
  • not suitable for grinding nails.

आपको क्या ध्यान देना चाहिए:

  • use only for temporary containment;
  • do not require additional processing.

कोको सब्सट्रेट

भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?

Suitable for reptiles: tropical.

लाभ:

  • पुन: उपयोग किया जा सकता है;
  • जीवाणुरोधी;
  • absorbs and retains liquid;
  • सौंदर्यशास्त्र।

नुकसान:

  • swollen coconut fiber is not digested and leads to intestinal obstruction;
  • dusty without additional moisture;
  • not suitable for grinding nails.

उपयोग के सुझाव:

  • for reuse, rinse the filler through a sieve and dry in the oven;
  • enclose the feeding area with ceramic tiles.

सूखी घास

भूमि कछुए के टेरारियम के लिए मिट्टी: कौन सा भराव चुनना बेहतर है?

Suitable for reptiles: all kinds.

पेशेवरों:

  • combines the functions of soil and food source;
  • allows you to burrow;
  • सौंदर्यशास्त्र।

विपक्ष:

  • not suitable for grinding claws;
  • dusty;
  • does not absorb well and becomes moldy with excess moisture.

Hay for turtles must be thoroughly cleaned of sticks and other sharp objects that can injure the reptile.

IMPORTANT! When choosing soil, focus on the habitat of the pet. For the Central Asian tortoise, filler for steppe species is suitable.

उपसंहार

Of the options considered, it would be better to use moss or pebbles as the only type of soil or choose one of the mixed options:

  • earth + bark / sand / moss;
  • hay + bark / moss;
  • pebble + chip.

निम्नलिखित प्रतिबंध के अंतर्गत हैं:

  • newsprint impregnated with toxic printing ink;
  • gravel with too sharp edges;
  • cat litter, which causes blockage of the intestines when the granules are swallowed;
  • pine or cedar bark containing volatile oils harmful to reptiles.

Regardless of the type of filler chosen, do not forget about cleaning it. A complete replacement of the soil is carried out 2-3 times a year, but the feces will have to be removed several times a week to avoid the development of pathogenic microflora.

Fillers for the terrarium of the land turtle

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